Saturday, July 27, 2013

 नागिन का सपना

भोर का समय था। पहाड़ी की एक कंदरा में एक नाग-नागिन का जोड़ा आलिंगनबद्ध  होकर सुखद नींद का आनंद ले रहा था। अचानक नागिन की नींद उचट गई। नींद खुलते ही वह सुबक-सुबक कर रोने लगी। उधर नाग की नींद भी खुल गई। वह नागिन को सुबकते हुए देख कुछ  समझ नहीं पाया। इधर  नागिन बिना कुछ  बोले बेजार रोये जा रही थी। आखिर नाग ने नागिन से पूछा, ‘‘प्रिया ! आखिर तुम्हें क्या हो गया है? अचानक तुम क्यों रोने लगी?’’
नागिन सुबकते हुए बोली, ‘‘प्रिय मैंने एक बहुत भयानक एवं बुरा स्वप्न देखा है...मुझे बहुत डर लग रहा है...’’
नाग ने कहा, ‘‘बोलो तो सही... आखिर क्या स्वप्न देखा?’’
नागिन रोती हई बोली, ‘‘स्वामी! मैंने सपने में देखा कि एक इंसान चुपके से आया और सोये में अपना दाँत गड़ा कर आपको डंस कर भाग गया...।’’
‘‘फिर क्या हुआ?’’, नाग ने आगे पूछा।
‘‘फिर होना क्या था! इंसान के दाँत के वीष आपके पूरे शरीर में फैल गया और आप तड़प-तपड़ कर मर गए...।’’ कहती हई नाग से लिपट गई।
नाग ने नागिन को समझाया, ‘‘सपना सपना ही होता है, इसमें डरने की क्या बात है! 
नागिन बोली, ‘‘नहीं प्रिय ! सुना है इंसानों के काटने पर जहर का पता नहीं चलता और उसका कोई झाड़फूंक भी नहीं है...चलो यहाँ से कहीं दूर चलते हैं, जहाँ इंसान की छाया भीन दिखे।’’
पौ फटने के पहले दोनों नाग-नागिन का जोड़ा सुनसान घनघोर जंगल की ओर  आहिस्ता-आहिस्ता सरक पड़ा। 
जन्मस्थान: डालटनगंज, झारखंड.
प्रकाशित पुस्तक: गूँज, कविता संग्रह। 

उपलब्धियां : दर्जनों कहानियाँ, लघुकथाएँ, कविताएँ पत्रा-पत्रिकाओं में प्रकाशित। प्रकाश्य पुस्तकें: हँसते फूल, चूभते काँटें ;कविता संग्रहद्ध, सुनन्दा ;उपन्यासद्ध। सम्प्रति: झारखंड सरकार में आपूर्ति निरीक्षक के पद पर सेवा। 
आत्मकथ्य: जब लिखे बिना नहीं रहा जाता, तो स्वतः कलम चल पड़ती है गरीबों की सेवा परम कर्तव्य।
संपर्क: 0980132841

DU faculty Shamsul Islam writes open letter to Modi

DU faculty Shamsul Islam writes open letter to Modi

Dr Shamsul Islam expresses ‘shock’ on Narednra Modi hailing himself as Hindu Nationalist’, despite sitting on a Constituional post of CM.
Full text of the letter:
An open letter to the 'Hindu Nationalist', Narendra Damodardas Modi Ji, Chief Minister of Gujarat
I hope you are fine. While talking to two Reuters journalists, Ross Colvin and Sruthi Gottipati, on July 12, 2013, you identified yourself as a ‘Hindu Nationalist’ and credited the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) for instilling in you, spirit “(to be a) patriot. Whatever work you do, you think are you doing this for the good of the nation? That's the basic training. The other basic training is discipline. Your life should be disciplined.”[1]
The news agency declared that it was a ‘rare interview’ of yours taken at your official Gandhinagar residence. It shocked me immensely as you were not talking as an ordinary Indian citizen but as the chief minister of Gujarat, a constitutional position under the democratic-secular constitution of India. I am taking the liberty of writing this letter to you in the hope that you, who claim to be believer in transparency, will respond to the issues I raise.

Narendra Modi
As a seasoned RSS pracharak or whole-timer you know about your roots better than me. Still I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the term ‘Hindu Nationalist’ originated in a specific historical context during India’s Freedom Struggle against the British colonial masters. This Freedom Struggle was mainly led by the Congress, which stood for an all-inclusive democratic-secular free India. The ‘Muslim Nationalists’, under the banner of the Muslim League, and the 'Hindu Nationalists', under the banners of the Hindu Mahasabha and the RSS, opposed it, claiming that Hindus and Muslims were two different nations. These Hindu and Muslim ‘Nationalists’ joined hands with the colonial masters in order to thwart the Freedom Struggle so that they could have theocratic states of their choice, ‘Hindusthan’ or Hindu Rashtra and Pakistan or Islamic state respectively.
The politics of the Muslim League and its role in dividing India are well known but I need to refresh your memory about the nefarious role that ‘Hindu Nationalists’ played in India before and after Independence. I am relying exclusively on documents of the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha in order to put across reality.
‘Hindu Nationalists’ believe in the two-nation theory like the Muslim League
Narendra ji! I would like to draw your attention to the fact that both the originator of Hindutva, V.D. Savarkar and RSS, had unequivocal faith in the two-nation theory: that Hindus and Muslims are two different nations. While the Muslim League under the leadership of Mohammed Ali Jinnah resolved to have a separate homeland for Muslims of India in the form of Pakistan in 1940, Savarkar propagated as early as 1937 that Hindus and Muslims were two different nations. While delivering the presidential address to the 19th Hindu Mahasabha session at Ahmedabad, ‘Veer’ Savarkar declared,
As it is, there are two antagonistic nations living side by side in India, several infantile politicians commit the serious mistake in supposing that India is already welded into a harmonious nation, or that it could be welded thus for the mere wish to do so. These were well meaning but unthinking friends take their dreams for realities. That is why they are impatient of communal tangles and attribute them to communal organizations. But the solid fact is that the so-called communal questions are but a legacy handed down to us by centuries of cultural, religious and national antagonism between the Hindus and Moslems...Let us bravely face unpleasant facts as they are. India cannot be assumed today to be a unitarian [sic] and homogenous nation, but on the contrary there are two nations in the main: the Hindus and the Moslems [sic], in India.[2]
Sir! The RSS, following in the foot-steps of ‘Veer’ Savarkar, always rejected the idea that Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians together constituted a nation. Its English organ, Organizer, on the very eve of Independence (August 14, 1947), editorially (titled ‘Whither’) underlined its belief in the two-nation theory once again in the following words:
Let us no longer allow ourselves to be influenced by false notions of nationhood. Much of the mental confusion and the present and future troubles can be removed by the ready recognition of the simple fact that in Hindusthan only the Hindus form the nation and the national structure must be built on that safe and sound foundation…the nation itself must be built up of Hindus, on Hindu traditions, culture, ideas and aspirations.
Your claim, 'My secularism is, India first' is problematic as you do not regard yourself as an Indian nationalist but as a ‘Hindu nationalist.’ If you are a Hindu nationalist then there will be, naturally, ‘Muslim nationalists’, ‘Sikh nationalists’, ‘Christian nationalists’, and so on. Thus you set the ball rolling for a divided India. This is surely a corollary of your organizational faith in the two-nation theory.
Hindu Nationalists decry and denigrate the Indian national flag
Modi Sir, as a senior and prominent whole-timer of the RSS you must know that on the eve of Independence the above mentioned RSS organ used the following language against the Tri-colour, the new National Flag of India:
The people who have come to power by the kick of fate may give in our hands the Tricolour but it never [sic] be respected and owned by Hindus. The word three is in itself an evil, and a flag having three colours will certainly produce a very bad psychological effect and is injurious to a country.[3]
Hindu nationalists ran coalition governments with the Muslim League in 1942-43
1942 was a critical year in the history of India’s Freedom Struggle. In a nation-wide call the British rulers were asked to ‘Quit India’. The rulers responded by turning the country into a hell: armed squads killed common Indians completely disregarding the rule of law, millions were arrested and thousands suffered unparalleled repression. The Congress governments which were ruling different Provinces of British India were dismissed. The only political organizations allowed to work were the Hindu Mahasabha and the Muslim League. These two organizations united to serve the rulers and formed coalition governments. It was corroborated by the mentor of RSS. ‘Veer’ Savarkar in his presidential address to the 24th session of the Hindu Mahasabha at Kanpur in 1942 declared,
In practical politics also the Mahasabha knows that we must advance through reasonable compromises. Witness the fact that only recently in Sind, the Sind-Hindu-Sabha on invitation had taken the responsibility of joining hands with the League itself in running coalition Government. The case of Bengal is well known. Wild Leaguers whom even the Congress with all its submissiveness could not placate grew quite reasonably compromising and socialable as soon as they came in contact with the HM and the Coalition Government, under the premiership of Mr. Fazlul Huq and the able lead of our esteemed Mahasabha leader Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerji, functioned successfully for a year or so to the benefit of both the communities.[4]
When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was trying to liberate India, the Hindu nationalists were helping to strengthen the British rule and its armed forces
Sir, you must be familiar with the name of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who tried to liberate India militarily with the help of Germany and Japan. However, during this period ‘Hindu Nationalists’, instead of helping him, were hand in glove with the British masters in defeating Netaji’s liberation struggle (in which former succeeded). Hindu Mahasabha under ‘Veer’ Savarkar’s leadership organized recruitment camps for British armed forces. The Hindutva camp’s surrender to the colonial masters was total, as we see in the following utterances of ‘Veer’ Savarkar:
So far as India’s defence is concerned, Hindudom must ally unhesitatingly, in a spirit of responsive co-operation with the war effort of the Indian government in so far as it is consistent with the Hindu interests, by joining the Army, Navy and the Aerial forces in as large a number as possible and by securing an entry into all ordnance, ammunition and war craft factories…Again it must be noted that Japan’s entry into the war has exposed us directly and immediately to the attack by Britain’s enemies. Consequently, whether we like it or not, we shall have to defend our own hearth and home against the ravages of the war and this can only be done by intensifying the government’s war effort to defend India. Hindu Mahasabhaites must, therefore, rouse Hindus especially in the provinces of Bengal and Assam as effectively as possible to enter the military forces of all arms without losing a single minute.[5]
What RSS instills in cadres?
Sir, in your interview you claimed that RSS instills in cadres the spirit of patriotism, working for the good of the nation and discipline. Since RSS stands for Hindu Rashtra or nation, one can understand the fate of democratic-secular India in the hands of RSS cadres. You should have shared what the most prominent ideologue of the RSS, Golwalkar, expected from RSS members. While addressing a gathering of top ranking RSS on March 16, 1954, at Sindi, Wardha, he said:
If we say that we are part of the organization and accept its discipline then selectiveness has no place in life. Do what is told. If told to play kabaddi, play kabaddi; told to hold meeting then meeting….For instance some of our friends were told to go and work for politics that does not mean that they have great interest or inspiration for it. They don’t die for politics like fish without water. If they are told to withdraw from politics then also there is no objection. Their discretion is just not required.[6]
This second statement of 'Guru' Golwalkar is also significant.
We know this also that some of our Swayamsevaks work in politics. There they have to organize according to the needs of work public meetings, processions etc., have to raise slogans. All these things have no place in our work. However, like the character in a play whatever role has been assigned should be portrayed with best of capability. But sometimes Swayamsevaks go beyond the role assigned to a performer (nat) as they develop over-zealousness in their hearts, to the extent that they become useless for this work. This is not good.[7]
Modi Sir, we find here 'Guru' Golwalkar referring to the Swayamsevaks loaned to the political satellite as ‘nat’, performers, who are meant to dance to the tune of the RSS. It should be noted here that Golwalkar’s above design of controlling the political arm was elaborated in March 1960, almost nine years after the establishment of the Jana Sangh (the forerunner of the BJP) in 1951. What I would like to know from you is whether you are serving the democratic-secular polity of India or are a mere ‘nat’, a tool in the hands of the RSS for turning India into a theocratic state. Fact is that RSS makes its cadres spineless.
Betrayal by RSS in India’s Freedom Struggle
Sir, your claim that the RSS taught you patriotism is suspect, given the history of that organization as seen in its documents. I shall present some relevant documents for your kind perusal.
The Non-cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement were two great milestones in the history of the Indian Freedom Movement, and here is the great thesis of the great Golwalkar on these two great happenings:
Definitely there are bound to be bad results of struggle. The boys became unruly after the 1920-21 movement. It is not an attempt to throw mud at the leaders. But these are inevitable products after the struggle. The matter is that we could not properly control these results. After 1942, people often started thinking that there was no need to think of the law.[8]
Thus 'Guru' Golwalkar wanted the Indians to respect the draconian and repressive laws of the inhuman British rulers! After the 1942 Movement he further admitted,
In 1942 also there was a strong sentiment in the hearts of many. At that time too the routine work of Sangh continued. Sangh vowed not to do anything directly. However, upheaval (uthal-puthal) in the minds of Sangh volunteers continued. Sangh is an organization of inactive persons, their talks are useless, not only outsiders but also many of our volunteers did talk like this. They were greatly disgusted too.[9]
Sir, we have been told that the RSS did nothing directly. However, there is not a single publication or document of the RSS which throws light on what the RSS did indirectly for the Quit India Movement. During this period, in fact, its mentor, ‘Veer’ Savarkar, ran coalition governments with the Muslim League. I must conclude that because the RSS did nothing, directly or indirectly, for the Quit India Movement, and indeed acted against it, that titanic movement was, for you and your forebears, the opposite of patriotic.
RSS denigrates martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle
Modi Sir, I would like to know your views on the statements of 'Guruji' decrying and denigrating martyrs like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekar Azad, Ashfaqullah Khan. Here is a passage from the chapter, ‘Martyr, Great But Not Ideal’ from Bunch Of Thoughts, a veritable Geeta for RSS cadres such as yourself.
There is no doubt that such men who embrace martyrdom are great heroes and their philosophy too is pre-eminently manly. They are far above the average men who meekly submit to fate and remain in fear and inaction. All the same, such persons are not held up as ideals in our society. We have not looked upon their martyrdom as the highest point of greatness to which men should aspire. For, after all, they failed in achieving their ideal, and failure implies some fatal flaw in them.[10]
Sir, can there be a statement more insulting to the martyrs than this? The founder of the RSS, Dr. Hedgewar, went one step further:
Patriotism is not only going to prison. It is not correct to be carried away by such superficial patriotism.[11]
Don’t you feel, Sir, that if martyrs like Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev, Ashfaqullah, Chandrashekhar Azad had come in contact with the then RSS leadership, they could have been saved from giving their lives for ‘superficial patriotism’? This also must be the reason why RSS leaders or cadres did not face repression during British rule and the RSS did not produce any martyr during the Freedom Movement. Finally, Sir, are we to regard as noble patriotism the cringing letters that 'Veer' Savarkar wrote to the Angrez Sarkar?
RSS’ hatred for democracy
Modi ji, as Chief Minister of Gujarat and a prominent leader of the BJP, you are supposed to function within the Democratic-Secular polity of India. What is your take on the following decree ordained by 'Guru' Golwalkar while addressing a group of 1,350 top level cadres of the RSS in 1940?
RSS inspired by one flag, one leader and one ideology is lighting the flame of Hindutva in each and every corner of this great land.[12]
I would like to bring it to your notice that this decree of ‘one flag, one leader and one ideology’ was also the battle cry of Fascist and Nazi parties of Europe in the first half of 20th century. What they did to democracy is well-known to this world.
Against federalism
The RSS is also dead against the federal structure given in the Constitution, again a basic feature of the Indian polity. This is clear from the following communication of M.S. Golwalkar to the first session of the National Integration Council in 1961:
Today’s federal form of government not only gives birth but also nourishes the feelings of separatism, in a way refuses to recognize the fact of one nation and destroys it. It must be completely uprooted, constitution purified and unitary form of government be established.[13]
‘Hindu Nationalists’ stand for Casteism and anti-women Polity
Sir, if you peep into the archives of the RSS and its brother organizations who want the rule of Hindutva in India, it will be immediately clear that all of them hated the Constitution of India, which was drafted under the guidance of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. When the Constituent Assembly of India had finalized the Constitution of India the RSS was not happy. Its organ, Organizer, in an editorial on November 30, 1949, complained:
But in our constitution there is no mention of the unique constitutional development in ancient Bharat. Manu’s Laws were written long before Lycurgus of Sparta or Solon of Persia. To this day his laws as enunciated in the Manusmriti excite the admiration of the world and elicit spontaneous obedience and conformity. But to our constitutional pundits that means nothing.
In fact, RSS had been following the ideology laid down by ‘Veer’ Savarkar. It may not be a secret to you, Sir, that ‘Veer’ Savarkar remained a great proponent of Casteism and worshipper of Manusmriti throughout his life. According to this apostle of Hindu Nationalism:
Manusmriti is that scripture which is most worshipable [sic] after Vedas for our Hindu Nation and which from ancient times has become the basis of our culture-customs, thought and practice. This book for centuries has codified the spiritual and divine march of our nation. Even today the rules which are followed by crores of Hindus in their lives and practice are based on Manusmriti. Today Manusmriti is Hindu Law.[14]
Sir, as a great flag-bearer of Hindutva politics you must know what kind of society ‘Hindu Nationalists’ like you want to usher in. Since you are very busy, I am reproducing from the Code of Manu his prescriptions for Dalits/Untouchables and women. These dehumanizing and degenerate laws, which are presented here, are self-explanatory.
Laws of Manu concerning Dalits/Untouchables:
(1) For the sake of the prosperity of the worlds (the divine one) caused the Brahmana, the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, and the Sudra to proceed from his mouth, his arm, his thighs and his feet.
(2) One occupation only the lord prescribed to the Sudras, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes.
(3) Once-born man (a Sudra), who insults a twice-born man with gross invective, shall have his tongue cut out; for he is of low origin.
(4) If he mentions the names and castes (gati) of the (twice-born) with contumely, an iron nail, ten fingers long, shall be thrust red-hot into his mouth.
(5) If he arrogantly teaches Brahmanas their duty, the king shall cause hot oil to be poured into his mouth and into his ears.
(6) With whatever limb a man of a low caste does hurt to (a man of the three) highest (castes), even that limb shall be cut off; that is the teaching of Manu.
(7) He who raises his hand or a stick, shall have his hand cut off; he who in anger kicks with his foot, shall have his foot cut off.
(8) A low-caste man who tries to place himself on the same seat with a man of a high caste, shall be branded on his hip and be banished, or (the king) shall cause his buttock to be gashed.
(9) Let him never slay a Brahmana, though he have committed all (possible) crimes; let him banish such an (offender), leaving all his property (to him) and (his body) unhurt.
Laws of Manu concerning Women:
1. Day and night woman must be kept in dependence by the males (of) their (families), and, if they attach themselves to sensual enjoyments, they must be kept under one’s control.
2. Her father protects (her) in childhood, her husband protects (her) in youth, and her sons protect (her) in old age; a woman is never fit for independence.
3. Women must particularly be guarded against evil inclinations, however trifling (they may appear); for, if they are not guarded, they will bring sorrow on two families.
4. Considering that the highest duty of all castes, even weak husbands (must) strive to guard their wives.
5. No man can completely guard women by force; but they can be guarded by the employment of the (following) expedients:
6. Let the (husband) employ his (wife) in the collection and expenditure of his wealth, in keeping (everything) clean, in (the fulfillment of) religious duties, in the preparation of his food, and in looking after the household utensils.
7. Women, confined in the house under trustworthy and obedient servants, are not (well) guarded; but those who of their own accord keep guard over themselves, are well guarded.
8. Women do not care for beauty, nor is their attention fixed on age; (thinking), ‘(It is enough that) he is a man,’ they give themselves to the handsome and to the ugly.
9. Through their passion for men, through their mutable temper, through their natural heartlessness, they become disloyal towards their husbands, however carefully they may be guarded in this (world).
10. (When creating them) Manu allotted to women (a love of their) bed, (of their) seat and (of) ornament, impure desires, wrath, dishonesty, malice, and bad conduct.
11. For women no (sacramental) rite (is performed) with sacred texts, thus the law is settled; women (who are) destitute of strength and destitute of (the knowledge of) Vedic texts, (are as impure as) falsehood (itself), that is a fixed rule.
I would like to remind you that a copy of Manusmriti was burnt as a protest in the presence of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar during historic Mahad agitation in December, 1927.
For RSS Casteism is synonymous with Hindu Nation
Sir, as a loyal, disciplined and committed cadre of the RSS, you must be familiar with the fact that Casteism is the essence of Hindu Nationalism. 'Guru' Golwalkar went to the extent of declaring that Casteism was synonymous with the Hindu Nation. According to him, the Hindu people are none else but,
The Virat Purusha, the Almighty manifesting himself […] [according to purusha sukta] sun and moon are his eyes, the stars and the skies are created from his nabhi [navel] and Brahmin is the head, Kshatriya the hands, Vaishya the thighs and Shudra the feet. This means that the people who have this fourfold arrangement, i.e., the Hindu People, is [sic] our God. This supreme vision of Godhead is the very core of our concept of ‘nation’ and has permeated our thinking and given rise to various unique concepts of our cultural heritage.[15]
Sir, please tell me whether you stand with the RSS and 'Guruji' or with the Democratic-Secular Polity that has given you your power. This concerns common Hindus and specially women.
I am sorry that my letter is getting long. You will forgive me as I have no other choice as your Reuter interview and other utterances and actions cover a very large canvas. You will appreciate that I am not raising the issue of the 2002 Gujarat Carnage as many other individuals and organizations have been doing. I strongly feel that I must raise those issues which generally are skipped: what is your agenda for the Hindus of this country and for the existing Democratic-Secular polity.
I will end by raising two more issues, Sir.
‘Hindu Nationalists’ celebrate assassination of Gandhi
Nathuram Godse and others who conspired to kill M.K. Gandhi, claimed to be ‘Hindu Nationalists’. They described killing as something ordained by God. RSS celebrated his killing by distributing sweets. Are they not revered by the Hindutva camp? Aren’t you one of them? When you were in Goa in June 2013 for the BJP executive committee meeting, you sent a message to the ‘All India Hindu Convention for Establishment of Hindu Nation’ organised by the Hindu Janajagruti Samiti (HJS). Your message read: “Even though every Hindu conducts himself with love, compassion and intimacy with god, giving precedence to non-violence, truth and “satvikta”, repelling demoniacal tendencies is in our destiny. It is our tradition to remain alert and raise a voice against persecution…Only by protecting our culture, can the flag of “dharma” and unity be kept intact. Organisations inspired by nationalism, patriotism and devotion for the Nation are true manifestations of people's power.”[16]
You must have sent this intimate fraternal message to the HJS knowing them well. Shockingly, from the same dais in this convention from where your felicitation message was read, one of the prominent speakers, K.V. Sitaramiah, declared that Gandhi was 'terrible, wicked and most sinful'. Rejoicing the killing of M.K. Gandhi, he went on to declare, “As Bhagwan Shri Krishna said in the Gita, Paritranaya Sadhunam Vinashaya Cha Dushkritam/ Dharamasansthapnaya Sambhavami Yuge-Yuge (For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the wicked and for the establishment of righteousness, I am born in every age) On…30th January 1948 evening, Shriram came in the form of Nathuram Godse and ended the life of Gandhi.”[17]
Let me add that K.V. Sitaramaiah has also authored a book titled ‘Gandhi was Dharma Drohi and Desa Drohi’ in which the back cover matter, quoting from the epic Mahabharat, demands ‘Dharma Drohis must be killed’, ‘Not killing the deserved to be killed is great sin’ and ‘where the members of Parliament seeing clearly allow to kill Dharma & truth as untruth, those members will be called dead’.
Sir, please say if this is not an open call to annihilate those members of Parliament who do not subscribe to author’s definition of Dharma.
Neo-Nazi mass murderer of Norway, Breivik, glorified ‘Hindu Nationalists’ [18]
Last of all; kindly tell me how you respond to Norwegian mass killer Neo-Nazi, Anders Behring Breivik, who hailed India's ‘Hindu Nationalist’ movement as a key ally in a global struggle to bring down democratic regimes across the world. Just before he went to massacre a large number of people in Norway he released a 'manifesto' of 1,518 pages, of which 102 pages dealt with the Hindutva movement of India. It declared support to 'Sanatana Dharma movements and Indian nationalists in general.' This manifesto also laid down a plan of co-operation between Neo-Nazi movements of Europe and ‘Hindu Nationalist’ organizations of India. It said that it was essential that these two 'learn from each other and cooperate as much as possible' as 'Our goals are more or less identical.' This manifesto specially mentioned the names of Hindutva organizations like RSS, BJP, ABVP & VHP in this regard. Importantly, the manifesto pledged military support 'to the nationalists in the Indian civil war and in the deportation of all Muslims from India' as part of a larger campaign to 'overthrow of all western European multiculturalist governments.' I am requesting your response on a matter which, in fact, should have been raised by the Reuter journalists.
I shall be eagerly looking forward to your response. I am sure that with the vast resources available to you, nationally and internationally, it will not cause much inconvenience to your Highness.
Thanking you.
Shamsul Islam
Delhi, 17-07-2013
(Shamsul Islam is a Political Science faculty at the University of Delhi and author of several books.)
[2] V. D. Savarkar cited in V. D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, p. 296.
[3] Organizer, August 14, 1947.
[4] V. D. Savarkar cited in V. D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, pp. 479-80
[5] V. D. Savarkar cited in V. D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, p. 460. V. D. Savarkar cited in V. D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, pp. 479-80.
[6] SGSD, vol. iii, p. 32.
[7] SGSD, vol. iv, pp. 4-5.
[8]SGSD, volume IV, p. 41.
[9] SGSD, Volume IV, p. 40.
[10] MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 283.
[11] CP Bhishikar, Sanghavariksh Ke Beej: Dr. Keshavrao Hedgewar, Suruchi, 1994, p. 21.
[12] Golwalkar, M. S., Shri guruji Samagar Darshan (Collected works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Vol. I (Nagpur: Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, nd), p. 11.
[13] MS Golwalkar, Shri Guruji Samagar Darshan (collected works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, Nagpur, nd., volume iii, p. 128. Hereafter referred as SGSD.
[14] Savarkar, V. D., ‘Women in Manusmriti’ in Savarkar Samagar, Vol. 4 [Collection of Savarkar’s Writings in Hindi] (New Delhi: Prabhat), 416.
[15]Golwalkar, M. S., We or Our Nationhood Defined, (Nagpur:Bharat Publications, 1939), p.36.

Sunday, June 10, 2012

भाजपा: सहमा राजा धमकाते सेनापति

शनिवार, 9 जून, 2012 को 18:56 IST तक के समाचार

नरेन्द्र मोदी
नरेन्द्र मोदी एक और क्षेत्रीय नेता हैं जिनके आगे भाजपा के केंद्रीय नेतृत्व को झुकना पड़ा है.
भाजपा में नरेन्द्र मोदी संजय जोशी प्रकरण से एक बार फिर केन्द्रित नेतृत्व की विवशता सार्वजनिक हो गई है.
गुजरात के मुख्यमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी की नाराज़गी का शिकार बने संजय जोशी कहते रह गए कि उन्होंने पार्टी से नहीं महज़ अपनी ज़िम्मेदारी भर से इस्तीफ़ा दिया है लकिन पार्टी प्रवक्ता ने घोषणा कर दी कि "संजय जोशी को पार्टी से मुक्त कर दिया गया है."
राजस्थान की पूर्व मुख्यमंत्री वसुंधरा राजे सिंधिया के विरोधी समझे जाने वाले गुलाब चंद कटारिया ने प्रदेश में मई में राज्य सरकार के खिलाफ़ जागरण यात्रा निकालने की घोषणा की.

"गडकरी की सामने सबसे बड़ी मजबूरी यह है कि उन्हें अगर अपना दूसरा कार्यकाल शुरू करना है तो इन ताकतवर क्षेत्रीय नेताओं की सामने झुकना ही होगा."

प्रदीप कौशल, राजनीतिक विश्लेशक
उनकी इस घोषणा से जनता के पहले वसुंधरा राजे सिंधिया का गुस्सा जगा दिया.
केंद्रीय नेतृत्व की तमाम कठोर बातों और राष्ट्रिय स्वयंसेवक संघ के समर्थन के बावजूद कटारिया को झुकना पड़ा.
वजह थीं वसुंधरा राजे जिन्होंने पार्टी से इस्तीफ़ा देने की घोषणा कर दी.
वसुंधरा के साथ ही राजस्थान के अधिकांश विधायकों ने अपने इस्तीफ़े दे देने की धमकी दे डाली. हड़बड़ाए गडकरी को गुलाबचंद कटारिया को अपनी यात्रा को रद्द करने करने के लिए कहना पड़ा.

मध्य प्रदेश

नितिन गडकरी उमा भारती को पार्टी में लाने के लिए पूरे प्रयास करते रहे लेकिन मध्य प्रदेश के मुख्यमंत्री शिवराज सिंह चौहान के के कारण उमा भारती का आना टलता रहा.
आखिरकार बड़े मान मनुहार के बाद शिवराज सिंह ने उमा भारती को पार्टी में लाने पर अपनी रज़ामंदी तो दे दी लेकिन शर्त रख दी कि उमा भारती मध्य प्रदेश से दूर रहेगीं.

इसी कारण से लंबे समय से वनवास काट रही मध्य प्रदेश की पूर्व मुख्यमंत्री उमा भारती को उत्तर प्रदेश से विधान सभा चुनाव लड़ने को मजबूर होना पड़ा.


पार्टी के केन्द्रीय नेतृत्व को वसुंधरा राजे सिंधिया के सामने भी झुकना पड़ा है.
पार्टी की तमाम परम्पराओं के खिलाफ हिमाचल प्रदेश के पूर्व मुख्यमंत्री प्रेम कुमार धूमल के बेटे अनुराग ठाकुर को ना केवल लोकसभा का टिकट दिया गया बल्कि उन्हें भारतीय जनता युवा मोर्चा का राष्ट्रीय अध्यक्ष भी बना दिया गया.
कर्नाटक में भारतीय जनता पार्टी के भीतर सबसे कद्दावर नेता बी एस येदियुरप्पा तमाम घोटालों और भ्रष्टाचार के आरोपों के बावजूद तभी अपने पद से अपनी शर्तों पर अपने मनचाहे प्रत्याशी सदानंद गौड़ा को मुख्यमंत्री बनवा कर हटे.
इंडियन एक्सप्रेस अखबार के प्रदीप कौशल भी कहते हैं कि, "गडकरी की सामने सबसे बड़ी मजबूरी यह है कि उन्हें अगर अपना दूसरा कार्यकाल शुरू करना है तो इन ताकतवर क्षेत्रीय नेताओं की सामने झुकना ही होगा."
भारतीय जनता पार्टी के एक महत्वपूर्ण केंद्रीय नेता ने नाम ना बताने की शर्त पर उन्होंने कहा कि प्रधानमंत्री पद के उम्मीदवार का फ़ैसला 2014 में ही होगा उससे पहले कतई नहीं.

Tuesday, June 29, 2010

When Singh speaks, people listen: Obama

When Singh speaks, people listen: Obama
Monday, 28 June 2010, 15:45 IST

Email Toronto: Obama, particularly, had a lot of praise for Dr. Singh. "I can tell you that here at G20, when the prime minister speaks, people listen," he said, adding it was because of his deep knowledge of economic issues, the nuances of India's rise as a world power and its commitment towards global peace and prosperity.

Indian PM Dr.Manmohan Singh said it was his privilege to enjoy Obama's friendship, and assured that he was waiting to welcome the US president and his family to India so that they could also see for themselves the transformations the nation was undergoing.

The U.S. President also recalled that the State dinner hosted by him for Dr. Singh " the first for his presidency" was "wonderful" and that it had set the tone for India-U.S. ties that they had both termed as a strategic partnership.

"We want to make sure that in addition to government-to-government ties, we were initiating people-to-people ties," he said, adding emphasis also remained on how to get the businesses of the two side to work together.

Dr. Singh, on his part, also praised Obama no length and said it was because of him that the strategic partnership between India and the U.S. was getting a new thrust, meaning and endeavour.

"You are a role model for millions and millions of people all over the world," said the Prime Minister said of Obama, almost 30 years his junior. "Your life history is a history that inspires millions of people everywhere."

Praising the statesmanship of Dr. Manmohan Singh and the rise of India, U.S. President Barack Obama on Sunday said he was "looking forward" and "excited" about visiting India with First Lady Michelle later this year.

Personally thanking Dr. Manmohan Singh and wife Gurcharan Kaur for their friendship, Obama also hoped his visit to India ' scheduled for the early part of November' would be extremely productive for the two sides.

"It is a trip that I'm very much looking forward to," said Obama, before holding talks with Dr. Singh after the conclusion of the G20 Summit that also saw the convergence of views expressed by India and the U.S.

"We are also just excited because of the tremendous cultural, as well as political and social and economic examples, that India is providing the world and has in the past," said the U.S. President.

Sunday, May 30, 2010

Football Wizard Syed Abdus Samad (1895-1964)

अररिया की धरती से जुड़ा था एक महान फ़ुटबॉलर – सईद अब्दुस ‘समद’ (1895-1964)

Samad-Football wizard आज भारत में फूटबाल की स्थिति दयनीय है. विश्व फुटबॉल जगत में हमारा स्थान निराशाजनक मालूम पड़ता है. मगर हमारे इतिहास में फुटबॉल से जुदा एक स्वर्णिम अध्याय भी है. जी हाँ हम याद दिला रहे हैं एक महान फुटबॉल खिलाडी समद की. सईद अब्दुस समद ने अपने जीवनकाल में जिस प्रकार फुटबॉल खेल के प्रति समर्पण दिखाया और अपने विलक्षण प्रदर्शनों के बल हिन्दुस्तान का नाम रौशन किया. प्रस्तुत है जनाब मोहम्मद तवफिकुल हैदर की एक रिपोर्ट.

समद, सैयद अब्दुस (1895-1964) फुटबॉल खिलाड़ी. सैयद अब्दुस समद को बंगाल में फुटबॉल जादुकर (Football wizard) के रूप में जाना जाता था. वह 1895 में अररिया (तात्कालीन पूर्णिया, बिहार में पैदा हुए. अपनी औपचारिक शिक्षा के दौरान आठवीं कक्षा के बाद उसने स्कूल छोड़ा. समद अपने शुरुआती लड़कपन से फुटबॉल में अपनी प्रतिभा का प्रदर्शन किया. वह dribbling और tackling me आश्चर्यजनक थे विशेष रूप से माप शॉट लेने में उनका कौशल गजब का था. वह जब पूर्णिया जूनियर फुटबॉल क्लब के लिए खेले तब कोलकाता के फुटबॉल क्लब के प्रबंधकों का ध्यान आकर्षित किया. वे 1912 में कोलकाता मेन टाउन क्लब में शामिल हो गए. 1915-1920 के दौरान, उन्होंने सक्रिय रूप से ताजहत फुटबॉल क्लब रंगपुर के साथ जुड़े रहे.

1916 में समद, समरसेट फुटबॉल टीम इंग्लैंड के खिलाफ एक मैच में खेले. वह कलकत्ता Orients क्लब के लिए 1918 में और ईस्ट बंगाल रेलवे टीम के लिए 1921-1930 में खेले. समद ने अपने कॅरिअर का सबसे यादगार ट्राफी 1927 में भारतीय सेना के मुख्य लेफ्टिनेंट जनरल शेरवुड मॉल द्वारा संरक्षित शेरवुड फोरेस्ट्री टीम के खिलाफ विजयी गोल दागकर प्राप्त किया.

समद 1924 में भारतीय राष्ट्रीय टीम के लिए चुने गए और 1926 में कप्तानी की. उन्होंने बर्मा, सीलोन, हांगकांग, चीन, जावा, सुमात्रा, मलय, बोर्नियो, सिंगापुर और ब्रिटेन का दौरा किया. बीजिंग में खेले गए एक मैच में चीन के खिलाफ उन्होंने दूसरी हाफ में एक स्थानापन्न खिलाड़ी के रूप में खेलते हुए लगातार 4 गोल किया और पहले हाफ में 0-3 से पिछड़ने के बाद 4-3 से जीत दर्ज की. 1933 में 38 साल की उम्र में समद ने कलकत्ता मोहम्मडन स्पोर्टिंग क्लब (स्थापित 1891) ज्वाइन किया और अगले पांच वर्षों के लिए पुरे कौशल, जोश और समर्पण के साथ खेले. मुख्य रूप से उनके योगदान के कारण, उनकी टीम ने लगातार पाँच वर्षों तक प्रथम श्रेणी फुटबॉल लीग चैम्पियनशिप और भारतीय फुटबॉल एसोसिएशन शील्ड (IFA) टूर्नामेंट में जीत हासिल की. समद को ‘टूर्नामेंट के हीरो’ वाली उपलब्धि शीर्षक के साथ सम्मानित किया गया. समद और उनके बेटे गोलाम हुसैन एक साथ रेलवे टीम के लिए 1944 में भी खेले.

1947 के बाद, समद पूर्वी पाकिस्तान में दिनाजपुर जिले के पर्बतिपुर (बांग्लादेश) में जा बसे और पूर्वी पाकिस्तान रेलवे में रोजगार संभाला. 1957 में उनको राष्ट्रीय खेल परिषद बोर्ड का कोच नियुक्त किया गया था. उन्होंने 1962 में राष्ट्रपति द्वारा पुरस्कार प्राप्त किया. 2 फरवरी 1964 को परबतिपुर में उनकी मृत्यु हो गई. बांग्लादेश फुटबॉल फेडरेशन उनके सम्मान में वार्षिक जादुकर समद स्मृति फुटबाल टूर्नामेंट आयोजित करता है.

बांग्लादेश सरकार ने फुटबॉल विजार्ड ‘समद’ के सम्मान में 2 फरवरी 1993 को एक डाक टिकट भी जारी किया है. आज क्रिकेट की चमक के बीच हम इस प्रकार खोये हुए हैं की आने वाली पीढी को शायद ही यकीन होगा की अंतर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर का एक फुटबॉल जादूगर कभी अररिया की धरती से जुड़ा था. वैसे समद की स्मृति में स्थानीय नेताजी सुभाष स्टेडियम के एक गेट का नाम ‘समद द्वार’ रखा गया है.

Friday, April 16, 2010

Indian Black Money in Swiss Bank: Myth and Reality

Following is the exact representation of a mail that was forwarded to me by one of my friends.

On March 16, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) issued its manifesto, which said that (if it came to power) it would “launch a drive to unearth black money, especially those (sic) stashed in Swiss banks and other tax havens”. The issue was taken up by Sharad Yadav of Janata Dal (United), who said on March 27 that there were 1.47 trillion dollars hidden by Indians in Swiss banks.

If the money was brought back, it could repay the entire foreign debt of India and leave enough to abolish all taxes for many years. The reason the UPA government had not put pressure on Switzerland to send the money back was that many of its politicians had Swiss accounts.

Then L.K. Advani took up the issue in his press conference on March 29. He said that according to Wikipedia, illicit money lodged in Swiss banks totaled $2.6 trillion (Rs 130 lakh crore in today’s exchange rate) in 2001 and $5.7 trillion (Rs 285 lakh crore) in 2007, and that illicit money deposited by rich Indians in Swiss banks and tax havens elsewhere was between $0.5-1.4 trillion (Rs 25-70 lakh crore). Illicit money comprised political bribes, crime money and venal business.

Even the lower amount was enough to relieve the debt of all farmers and landless workers, build world-class roads all over the country, take electricity to every rural home, provide drinking water in all villages and towns, construct good houses for 10 crore families, provide Rs 4 crore to every village; and to build a school, a health centre, a veterinary clinic, a playground with gymnasium, and more in every village. Advani quoted M.K. Narayanan, National Security Advisor, as saying that money belonging to terrorists might have been invested in the Indian stock market through participatory notes.

Introduced when India needed foreign exchange badly, participatory notes continued to be permitted. Advani referred to Hasan Ali Khan without naming him as a hawala operator whom the income tax department had found having unaccounted wealth worth Rs 35,000 crore including in accounts abroad.

Secret bank accounts can destroy our financial system and support terror networks, which increased their attacks on India under the UPA. If elected, a BJP-led NDA government will join global efforts to put an end to banking secrecy and try its best to get hold of money held abroad. Meanwhile, the BJP will make intense propaganda on the issue.

After hearing Advani’s sensational speech on television, I looked for his figures in Wikipedia. I found the figures of $2.6 and $5.7 trillion for Swiss banks in the article on banking in Switzerland. But they are total deposits; there is nothing illicit about them. Then I looked for figures of Indian deposits in Swiss banks. They are not in Wikipedia. I found many blogs, mostly by Indians, that mentioned Advani’s and other figures. One attributed them to K.V.M. Pai and through him to Swiss banking association. I looked up Pai’s article in the August 2006, issue of Outlook Business as well as the annual reports of the Swiss Banking Association for 2006-07 and 2007-08; none of them contains the figures. Prime facie, it is unlikely that the SBA would on its own disclose such figures. They are someone’s guesses, driven by powerful wishful thinking. Advani himself gives the range of $0.5-1.4 trillion; he is extremely uncertain.

But he is certain that it is illicit: that it is illegal for Indians to deposit money in foreign banks. He is mistaken. It is perfectly legal for
non-resident Indians to have deposits abroad. According to a list produced by the Ministry of Indian Overseas Affairs in 2000, there were about 20 million non-resident Indians (it is too tedious to make a more accurate total of the figures for over 100 countries). If their per capita income were $25,000, they would be earning $500 billion a year. Their bank deposits are anybody’s guess. Very few of the 20 million NRIs have Indian passports. If they are nationals of other countries, there is no way Advani can touch their assets, even if they kept their deposits in Swiss banks.

As for the few non-resident Indian passport-holders, the Income Tax Department claims taxes on them only if they are in India for more than 183 days in a financial year. Advani has this mental picture of Indians who live in India but go occasionally to Zurich and draw money from the accounts they keep there. There is simply nothing to support the supposition that such people have $1.4 trillion in Swiss banks.

Thousands of Indians no doubt visit Switzerland every year, some of them more than occasionally; but there is nothing to connect precisely those travelers with that mythical $1.4 trillion. And that the money came from political bribes and crime is pure fantasy. The government discovered one case where money of an undisclosed criminal was invested in P-notes; but they are not a popular avenue for criminals. It is much simpler for them to park money in real estate.

Hasan Ali Khan, whom Advani refers to as a typical tax evader and holder of Swiss bank accounts, was a bon voyeur who bought race horses and flaunted his money in Pune; the story that he was a hawala operator worth Rs 35,000 crore was manufactured by the enforcement directorate, which is desperately looking for work. There is no independent confirmation of the story – for instance, no documents filed in court.

Advani’s appetite has been fired by the success of the United States of America in getting details of assets of US citizens from Swiss banks. Till now, the US Justice Department has succeeded against only one bank: on February 19, UBS agreed to pay the US $780 million and give details of assets amounting to $20 billion and names of 250 clients.

The US is asking for details of 52,000 clients; Swiss banks are resisting, and have the support of the Swiss government. Compare that $20 billion with the $1,400 billion Advani hopes to bring back. The US Internal Revenue Service is not seeking to expropriate Americans’ deposits in Switzerland. It is asking for 20 per cent of the highest balance held abroad, plus six years’ back taxes plus interest.

The US makes those demands because it taxes the world income of Americans wherever they are (they get rebates for other countries’ income taxes they pay); India makes such demands only from residents of India. And there are simply not so many Indian idiots who reside in India and leave their money in Switzerland. Those who wanted to keep their assets abroad long ago went to live abroad and are beyond the Indian tax net.

And the US can succeed in pressuring Swiss banks because business in the US is indispensable for them.
Their business in India is not even 5 per cent of their total business; rather than give up client confidentiality, they would close down their branches in India - and ask their clients to come to Dubai or Bangkok instead. So even if Advani becomes an iron Prime Minister, he will not bring a single illicit penny home. He was only diverting attention from the Varun affair.

Total black money in India?

Swiss bank revealed India has more money than rest of the world

This is so shocking.....If black money deposits was an Olympics event..
India would have won a gold medal hands down. The second best Russia has
4 times lesser deposit. U.S. is not even there in the counting in top
five! India has more money in Swiss banks
than all the other countries combined!

Recently, due to international pressure, the Swiss government agreed to
disclose the names of the account holders only if the respective
governments formally asked for it.. Indian government is not asking for
the details... marks for guessing why?

We need to start a movement to pressurize the government to do so! This
is perhaps the only way, and a golden opportunity, to expose the high
and mighty and weed out corruption!
Please read on..And forward to all the honest Indians to..
Like somebody is forwarding to you...
and build a ground-swell of support! for action !
Is India poor, who says? Ask the Swiss banks. With personal account
deposit bank of $1,500 billion in foreign reserve which have been
misappropriated, an amount 13 times larger than the country's foreign
debt, one needs to rethink if India is a poor country?

DISHONEST INDUSTRIALISTS, scandalous politicians and corrupt IAS, IRS,
IPS officers have deposited in foreign banks in their illegal personal
accounts a sum of about $1500 billion, which have been misappropriated
by them. This amount is about 13 times larger
than the country's foreign debt. With this amount 45 crore poor
people can get Rs 1,00,000 each.

This huge amount has been appropriated from the people of India by
exploiting and betraying them. Once this huge amount of black money and
property comes back to India , the entire foreign debt can be repaid in
24 hours. After paying the entire foreign debt,
we will have surplus amount, almost 12 times larger than the foreign
debt. If this surplus amount is invested in earning interest, the amount
of interest will be more than the annual budget of the Central
government. So even if all the taxes are abolished,
then also the Central government will be able to maintain the country
very comfortably.

Some 80,000 people travel to Switzerland every year, of which 25,000
travel very frequently. 'Obviously, these people won't be tourists..
They must be travelling there for some other reason,' believes an
official involved in tracking illegal money.. And, clearly,
he isn't referring to the commerce ministry bureaucrats who've
been flitting in and out of Geneva ever since the World Trade
Organization (WTO) negotiations went into a tailspin!

Just read the following details and note how these dishonest
industrialists, scandalous politicians, corrupt officers, cricketers,
film actors, illegal trade and protected wildlife operators, to name
just a few, sucked this country's wealth and prosperity.
This may be the picture of deposits in Swiss banks only. What about
other international banks?

Black money in Swiss banks - Swiss Banking Association report, 2006
details bank deposits in the territory of Switzerland by nationals of
following countries:







Now do the math's - India with $1,456 billion or $1.4 trillion has
more money in Swiss banks than rest of the world combined. Public loot
since 1947:

Can we bring back our money? It is one of the biggest loots witnessed
by mankind - the loot of the Aam Aadmi (common man) since 1947, by his
brethren occupying public office. It has been orchestrated by
politicians, bureaucrats and some businessmen.

The list is almost all-encompassing. No wonder, everyone in India loots
with impunity and without any fear. What is even more depressing in that
this ill-gotten wealth of ours has been stashed away abroad into secret
bank accounts located in some of the world's
best known tax havens? And to that extent the Indian economy has been
stripped of its wealth. Ordinary Indians may not be exactly aware of how
such secret accounts operate and what are the rules and regulations that
go on to govern such tax havens. However,
one may well be aware of 'Swiss bank accounts,' the shorthand for
murky dealings, secrecy and of course pilferage from developing
countries into rich developed ones.

In fact, some finance experts and economists believe tax havens to be a
conspiracy of the western world against the poor countries. By allowing
the proliferation of tax havens in the twentieth century, the western
world explicitly encourages the movement of
scarce capital from the developing countries to the rich. In March
2005, the Tax Justice Network (TJN) published a research finding
demonstrating that $11.5 trillion of personal wealth was held offshore
by rich individuals across the globe.

The findings estimated that a large proportion of this wealth was
managed from some 70 tax havens. Further, augmenting these studies of
TJN, Raymond Baker - in his widely celebrated book titled
'Capitalism' s Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the
Free Market System' - estimates that at least $5 trillion have
been shifted out of poorer countries to the West since the mid-1970.

It is further estimated by experts that one per cent of the world's
population holds more than 57 per cent of total global wealth, routing
it invariably through these tax havens.

How much of this is from India is anybody's guess...????
If India is doing like this the annual turnover will be less and our market will have to close down (BSE\NSE)

we have to trace out the black money when the polities have kept ? where there they use ? but they don't have correct tax details . all are illegal only